Eid al-Fitr is the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal. It marks the end of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and prayer. Many Muslims attend communal prayers, listen to a khutba (sermon) and give zakat al-fitr (charity in the form of food) during Eid al-Fitr.
The days of Eid have been singled out in the Hadith as “days of remembrance” and considered the holiest days in the Islamic Calendar.
The Eid prayer consists of two rakahs: during which the ‘Imam’ leading the prayer does ‘takbir’ (Allah-o-Akbar) seven times after the opening ‘takbir’ and before the recitation of the Surah Al-Fatehah in the first rakah. During the second rakah, the ‘takbir’ is to be declared five times before the recitation of the Surah Al-Fatehah. After the prayer a khutbah is addressed to the congregation
Dr. Jasser Auda
Professor Jasser Auda is the President of Maqasid Institute Global, which is a think tank registered in the USA, UK, Malaysia and Indonesia, and has educational and research programs in a number of countries. He is a member of the Fiqh Council of North America, the European Council for Fatwa and a fellow at the Fiqh Academy of India. He has a PhD in the philosophy of Islamic law from the University of Wales, UK, and a PhD in systems analysis from the University of Waterloo, Canada. Early in his life, he memorized the Quran and studied at the Study Circles of Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo, Egypt. He worked previously as a professor at the universities of: Waterloo, Carleton and Ryerson in Canada, Alexandria in Egypt, International Peace in South Africa, Islamic University in Sanjaq, Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, American University of Sharjah in the UAE and University of Bahrain. He lectured on Islam and its law in dozens of countries, wrote 25 books in Arabic and English, some of which were translated to 25 languages.