Eid Al-Adha is a four-day Islamic festival starting on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja. It honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son, as an act of obedience to God’s command. Before he sacrificed his son God intervened by sending his angel Jibra’il (Gabriel), who then put a sheep in his son’s place. In commemoration of this, an animal is sacrificed and divided into three parts: the family retains one third of the share; another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors; and the remaining third is given to the poor and needy.
Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the descent of the Hujjaj, the pilgrims performing the Hajj, from Mount Arafat, a hill east of Mecca. Eid sacrifice may take place until sunset on the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. The days of Eid have been singled out in the Hadith as “days of remembrance” and considered the holiest days in the Islamic Calendar.
The Eid prayer consists of two rakahs: during which the ‘Imam’ leading the prayer does ‘takbir’ (Allah-o-Akbar) seven times after the opening ‘takbir’ and before the recitation of the Surah Al-Fatehah in the first rakah. During the second rakah, the ‘takbir’ is to be declared five times before the recitation of the Surah Al-Fatehah. After the prayer a khutbah is addressed to the congregation
Dr. Jasser Auda
Professor Jasser Auda is the President of Maqasid Institute Global, which is a think tank registered in the USA, UK, Malaysia and Indonesia, and has educational and research programs in a number of countries. He is a member of the Fiqh Council of North America, the European Council for Fatwa and a fellow at the Fiqh Academy of India. He has a PhD in the philosophy of Islamic law from the University of Wales, UK, and a PhD in systems analysis from the University of Waterloo, Canada. Early in his life, he memorized the Quran and studied at the Study Circles of Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo, Egypt. He worked previously as a professor at the universities of: Waterloo, Carleton and Ryerson in Canada, Alexandria in Egypt, International Peace in South Africa, Islamic University in Sanjaq, Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, American University of Sharjah in the UAE and University of Bahrain. He lectured on Islam and its law in dozens of countries, wrote 25 books in Arabic and English, some of which were translated to 25 languages.